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EU targets smugglers in Libya, but migration policy gaps remain

European officials have approved on Monday controversial proposals to launch a “naval operation” against people smugglers and human traffickers operating on Libya’s Mediterranean coast

The IMF’s recommendations on energy subsidies in the MENA region and the example of Egypt

Peter Bakvis: The IMF recommends that governments should "scale up effective social safety nets to mitigate the impact of subsidy reform on the vulnerable" but no such measures were taken in Egypt